I. The American Revolution: Causes and Results (1775-1783)
A. English Law
2. What does the Magna Carta say?:
a. no person can have his life taken away without a trial that includes a jury.
b. no person can have his property taken away without a trial that includes a jury.
c. the government cannot create tax laws without permission from the people.
d. “Rule of Law”- the King and the Queen must follow the law just like everyone
government cannot take away – example: trial by jury.
B. The American Revolution (1775-1783)
1. What caused the American Revolution?
a. The French and Indian War and British tax policies after the French and Indian
War caused the American Revolution.
1) The French and Indian War (1754-1763)
French and Indian War.
d) The American colonists believed that the tax laws violated the Magna
Carta because they did not have a chance to vote on the laws
2) Some British tax laws that helped to start the American Revolution:
a) creation of “writs of assistance” (c.1764)
b) Sugar Act (1764)
c) Stamp Act (1765)
d) Declaratory Act (1766)
e) Townshend Acts (1767)
f) Tea Act (1773)
g) Intolerable Acts (a.k.a. “Coercive Acts”) (1774)
3) Events leading to the America Revolution:
a) Boston Massacre (March 1770) – British soldiers kill 5 colonists when
attacked by an angry anti-tax mob in
tried for murder and found “not guilty” … but … many colonists now
believe that the British will kill to enforce unfair tax laws.
b) Boston Tea Party (December 1773) – In Massachusetts, members of
the “Sons of Liberty” (an anti-tax group started by John Hancock and
dump a large shipment of British tea into
to protest the Tea Act.
a state of rebellion” and sends more troops to the colonies to enforce the
(1774) – Parliament passes these laws to punish
for the Tea
illegal, and military rule was imposed in the colony until the tea was paid
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION; British troops
search for weapons being stored by the Sons of Liberty and to arrest
John Hancock and Samuel Adams; warned by Paul Revere, nearly 4,000
the British soldiers as the march from
and then back to
C. The War: Battles and Events from the American Revolution
1. Events from the American Revolution (1775-1781)
a. Battle of
AMERCIAN REVOLUTION took
b. Battle of
British soldiers near
c. Second Continental Congress (Spring 1775) governed the U.S during the
American Revolution; they did the following things during the war:
1). Olive Branch Petition
(Spring 1775) – a letter to King George
for a peaceful solution to the problems between
American colonies; King George
2) Formation of the Continental Army (Spring 1775) – Congress created the
Continental Army and appointed
George Washington of
commander of the army.
a) What does the Declaration of Independence say?
(1) all people are created equally and are entitled to
certain basic rights like life, liberty and happiness
(2) the purpose of government is to protect the people’s rights
(3) if the government does not protect the people right’s, then the people
have the right to rebel against the government and create a new
(4) lists the ways in which Parliament violated the colonists rights under the
(5) declared that the American colonies are an independent nation separate
Articles of Confederation (1777) the first constitution of the
2. “Common Sense” published (January 1776) – book written by Thomas Paine – it
contained simple and powerful arguments in favor of independence – many
people read the book and began to support independence
3. “The Crisis” published (December 1776) - book written by Thomas Paine – the
colonists were losing the war and this book convinced many to continue fighting
they were losing – some say it convinced
Continental Army in
REVOLUTION; with the help of the French navy and army, the Continental
Army defeats the British near
the American Revolution
D. Results of the American Revolution
1. Treaty of
a. What did the Treaty of Paris 1783 say?
1) The English colonies in
American are independent from
2) The treaty created the
borders for the
North – to the
South – to, but not including,
West – to the
East – to the
Review: Causes and Results of the American Revolution Name:
INSTRUCTIONS: Complete this assignment on a separate sheet of paper using your textbook,
class notes, complete homework and class work for reference.
VOCABULARY: Provide complete definitions for each of the following terms.
export import subsistence farming
cash crop diversity overseer
mercantilism apprentice speculator
literacy militia patriot
loyalist tory mercenary
guerrilla warfare blockade committee of correspondence
triangular trade smuggling writs of assistance
resolution effigy boycott
repeal propaganda minutemen
petition preamble ratify
PEOPLE: How did the following people contribute to, or work against, American independence from
George Washington Thomas Jefferson Thomas Paine
John Adams John
Samuel Adams Benjamin Franklin Benedict Arnold
Marquis de Lafayette
1. Place each of the following events into the correct order.
French and Indian War begins Treaty of Paris 1763
Stamp Act passed Boston Massacre occurs
Intolerable Acts passed Boston Tea Party occurs
Townshend Acts passed Battle of
Tea Act is passed
the name of the war fought in
mid-1700’s. Why did
3. What was the Iroquois Confederation?
4. How did
the Treaty of Paris 1763 change the lands controlled by
5. Why did the English decide to tax the American colonies after the French and Indian War?
6. Why did the American colonists believe that the tax laws created by the English after the
French and Indian War were illegal?
7. What is
the name of
8. What is meant by the phrase “no taxation without representation”? List three tax laws that the
colonists believed were illegal.
9. List three actions taken by the colonists to show their opposition to English tax laws.
10. Explain why the following battles are important in the history of the American Revolution:
11. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? What does the Declaration of Independence say
about the following items:
What rights are all men (and women) entitled to?
What is the purpose of government?
What should the people do if the government does not protect them?
12. Who wrote the publications listed below? Explain in what way each of these publications
influenced American public opinion during the American Revolution:
13. Which European nation became an American ally during the American Revolution?
What were the
borders of the